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PROTHONOTARY WARBLER - Species Profile
This bright yellow migratory songbird is very specific about its habitat requirements. They are water lovers...and nest in trees at the edge of, or even in, water.
HABITATThey prefer borders of creeks and rivers, but also nest over still water in riverine floodplains. The warbler migrates to Central and South America for the winter.
NESTINGNESTBOX: 4x4"-5x5", 1.25 to 1.5" Hole
They prefer borders of creeks and rivers, but also nest over still water in riverine floodplains. They are water lovers...and nest in trees at the edge of, or even in, water. Nestboxes should be placed on trees or posts from 4 to 6 feet above ground or water.
FOODIn spring, summer and fall, insects are their primary food. Their breeding period and raising their fledglings require an abundant supply of insects. In winter, the majority of its diet is plant food, such as berries, acorns, seeds, nuts and sunflower seeds.
WATERSince Prothonotary Warblers are such water lovers, they tend to remain in natural water-rich territory. They seldom visit backyard water offerings.
COVERNatural landscaping of trees and bushes along streams, ponds and rivers is habitat that encourages these warblers to stay and produce two or even three broods per season.
Small bushes provide lush cover from overhead hawks and predators. Brushpiles are also handy for many small birds who must take cover from predators.
INTERESTING TIDBITSThere are many kinds of warblers, but only two North American species are cavity nesters. They are the Prothonotary and Lucy's warblers.
The Prothonotary warbler has been courted by birdhouse enthusiasts and research is showing that a pair will often use the same nestbox for two broods in a single season. There is one record of three different pairs using the same birdhouse to raise their broods, one pair after another, in a single season. That sounds like a cry for more housing!
4x4" or 5x5" nestboxes will accomodate the following cavity nesters. Species-specific predator guards are helpful.
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